Arthur Conan Doyle was a well known writer during the Victorian Era and still is today. He was famous for his stories. One of his books had a fictional character that caught peopleâ€™s attention. This character is a spectacular detective, Sherlock Holmes. People loved Sherlock Holmes so much because he always solves the case and always defeat evil. In fact, in one of Arthurâ€™s short story, â€˜The Speckled Bandâ€™, Sherlock Holmes was described as â€œthe Scotland Yard Jack-in-officeâ€ and â€œthe busybody!â€ This period of time is called the Victorian Era because the ruler during this time was Queen Victoria. There were a lot of crimes committed at this time. Common ones were murder and drug abuse, which were feared greatly by people. The life style of people in the Victorian Era was different to everyday life. In the Victorian Times, there were three different groups of people. These were the upper class â€“ rich and powerful people who donâ€™t need to work, middle class â€“ have to work to support but not physical work, and lower/working class â€“ poor people with no money and works physically. â€˜The Speckled Bandâ€™ and â€˜The Man with the Twisted Lipâ€™ are one of Arthur Conan Doyleâ€™s stories. This piece of writing is to show how these two stories give the readers an idea of how people lived and behaved in the Victorian Era and what people expected of certain people because of either their gender, their ethnicity or their class.Â In Victorian Times, women were treated differently to men. Women within this time were considered to be very emotional. We know this because in â€˜The Man with the Twisted Lipâ€™ when Mrs St Clair saw the blood on a window, she â€œfainted at the sight of blood.â€ The quotation tells us that women were hysterical and they are not strong enough to receive bad news because theyâ€™d sometimes break down. Another situation that proves this is when Sherlock was being assured by Mrs St Clair that if he answers her question, he should â€œnot trouble about my feelings. I am not hysterical, nor given to fainting.â€ Also informing the readers that, women knew their weaknesses and their strengths. However, men in the Victorian Times always thought things through. We know this because Sherlock said, â€œâ€¦ the impression of a woman may be more valuable than the conclusion of an analytical reasoner.â€ This let the reader know that men looks at the fact and take time to analyse and observe things and they donâ€™t just jump to conclusions. They thought they could handle situations for themselves and donâ€™t need womenâ€™s help at all. The readers detect this when Mrs St Clair â€œâ€¦was escorted homeâ€¦as her presence was no helpâ€¦â€ We know that Nevilleâ€™s wife saw everything and the police knew that she saw her husband but still said she couldnâ€™t help their investigation. Men had everything and they were in control financially. Women couldnâ€™t have control over their money until they were settled with their own husbands. This happened to Helen Stoner, from the story of â€˜The Speckled Bandâ€™. She wanted Sherlock Holmes to investigate something for her but she didnâ€™t have the money on her then however she guaranteed Holmes that â€œâ€¦in a month or six weeks I shall be married, with control of my incomeâ€¦â€ Men had authority over a lot of things. People that were not British were disliked by a lot of the Victorians. They are thought to be a danger in the society and are unwanted. There were different ethnic people in the Victorian Era. These people were not White British. They had different lifestyle to Victorian people. Some of this people were the Malays. Malays was what they called Malaysian people. In the story of â€˜The Man with the Twisted Lipâ€™ the Malays were mentioned just once. This was when Dr Watson, Sherlock Holmesâ€™ assistant and loyal friend, entered an opium den, â€œâ€¦a swallow Malay attendant had hurried up with a pipeâ€¦â€ Opium den is like a drug den which was run and supplied by the Malaysians. In the same story, we are made known to a different ethnic individual, â€œlascar.â€ A lascar is an East Indian sailor.
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Strategic Management - Essay Example It is the process through which organizations follow a certain path to achieve desired short term and long term goals and can maintain a desired level of output. A proper strategic planning can help an organization to develop a clear long term vision and would help the management to visualize where the organization would be after five to ten years or may be even more than that. Strategic Planning can be treated as a milestone for each and every organization. Without strategic planning, the organization can actually never identify the present position in the industry and cannot develop a strategic guidance for the future (Henry, 2008, p. 89). This study has been conducted with a motive to develop a strategic plan for Tesco, one of the large retail supermarkets in the U.K. The study looks to focus all the aspects related to the development of a strategic plan of an organization including the assessment of the mission and vision statement, situation analysis and final development of the strategy to gain competitive advantage over the competitors. Here it needs to be mentioned that the although Tesco is a global retailer, but still the study has been conducted with respect to the UK market as it happens to be the home country and largest market of Tesco compared to other markets in the world. Getting Ready Choosing Organization Tesco PLC. Developing Organizational Profile Tesco PLC is a multinational retail grocery retailer and general merchandiser. The company is headquartered in Chest Hunt, UK. It happens to be the largest retailer in the United Kingdom and the third largest retailer in the world after Wal-Mart and Carrefour. The company was originally founded by Jack Cohen in 1919. As on April 2012, Tesco had 6,351 stores all over the world. The company has 2,975 stores in UK market. According to annual financial report of 2012 the total revenue of the company is ?64.539 billion. Specific issues to be addressed Over the past few years the retail business in the UK has seen a lot of changes. One of the key issues to look for while developing the strategic plan would be the effect of the changes external environmental factors and the impact of those on the companyâ€™s day to day business activity. The present industry scenario also plays a major role in the development of the business strategy and hence this has to be taken into account. Along with the external environment assessment, the internal environmental factors would also be reviewed as it would help the company to identify the core competencies, strengths as well as the weaknesses (Kolb, 2008, p. 92). Key Information to be collected To understand the impact of the external environmental changes, political, economic, social and technological factors need to be assessed. Also to understand the present market scenario especially market competitiveness, Porters Five Forces will be analysed. It consists of bargaining power of the buyers and suppliers, industry